PREVIEW

March 1 1958

PREVIEW

March 1 1958

PREVIEW

MACLEAN'S

A LOOK AT TOMORROW IN TERMS OF TODAY

j^ls a television link with Europe on the way? v How theatre nights are priming a stage boom ^ Crash program coming against mental illness

A DIRECT TELEVISION LINK HOOKING CANADA TO EUROPE

could be strung under the Atlantic within three years at a cost of about $50 million, a U. K. industrialist claims. British newspapers thumped for the project when it was laid in front of the Canadian trade mission to the U. K. earlier this winter by Pye Ltd. chairman John Stanley. But a Pye executive visiting Canada has found interest high among only a few broadcasters, although “there are no unsolvable technical or financial problems.” The whole scheme is brushed oil' as “a flight of fancy by R. G. Griffiths of Canadian Overseas Telecommunications Corp.. who ^ says flatly: “A two-way TV cable to Europe won't be built in our lifetime.”

THE FASTEST-MOVING WOMAN IN CANADA is either an 18-year-old Saskatoon schoolgirl named Eleanor Haslam or a 21-year-old Montrealer who now lives in Vancouver. Diane Matheson. Miss Haslam holds the national records for the 100-meter and 220-yard sprints, but Miss Matheson caught her in a rare dead heat the last time they raced each other in the 100 and beat her in the 220, only to have the event wiped off the books because the Saskatoon girl had run an extra tour yards. The showdown should come at the British Empire Games this July.

FAMILY DOCTORS, as alarmed as many of their patients are riled by mounting medical specialization and the mounting expenses that go with it, are turning the microscope on themselves. By 1960 a medical research platoon expects to have dissected the working lives of a broad sample of the 8,000 of Canada's 15,000 doctors who are in general practice. When the report is in Dr. Victor Johnston, executive _ ^ head of the College of General Practice, believes

the GPs will have the facts they need to re-establish the old. close relationship between family doctors and patients, with GPs treating 80 to 90% of all illnesses.

THEATRE NIGHTS ARE TAKING OVER a leading role in Canada’s burgeoning live theatre. Spring Thaw 58, for instance, has 65 nights booked—enough to guarantee a record run tor Canada of 20 w'eeks. The service clubs that take over an entire house at a flat price and re-sell tickets to members and friends at a profit lean to comedies, and back away from “literary” plays. Yet this season they booked all available “nights' tor the National Ballet's Toronto season. When Margot Fonteyn and other dancers from the Sadler's Wells company, which was dancing the same week at Maple Leaf Gardens, dropped in on National Ballet director Celia Franca she had to scramble to find seats tor them.

YOU’LL BE ABLE TO DRIVE TO THE ARCTIC OCEAN—if you

like the idea—before long. Surveyors will start laying out a road this summer that will extend the Alaska Highway to Fort McPherson, less than a hundred miles from Aklavik.

PART-TIME POLICE MAY BE ONE ANSWER to rising crime rates. Saskatchewan RCMP experts are studying a Manitoba scheme to establish a force of part-time officers who would be trained by the Mounties for 10 w'eeks. then called out to reinforce regular constables in emergencies. They’d be "valuable for, say, policing roads when our men are needed elsewhere,” says Inspector Ken Shakespeare, commanding RCMP officer in Saskatoon.

TRANQUILIZERS AND THEIR EVEN NEWER SISTER-DRUGS,

energizers, are the take-off points for a new U. S. crash program to develop cures for mental illness. An agency known as the Psychopharmacology Service Centre has been set up to push the program, which will evaluate new drugs, set up yardsticks for vague terms like “improved and “recovered,” co-ordinate research in hundreds of clinics and hospitals.

WATCH FOR “E7V!

TO MAKE SHOW-BUSINESS NEWS SPRING-SUMMER SEASON OPENS

Peter Donat, Nova Scotia-born nephew of Britain's celebrated Robert Donat.

Now on Broadway with Sir Laurence Olivier's company playing The Entertainer, he's booked Peter Donat for two Stratford

Festival roles later this summer. Roger Lenielin, who’ll write a sixth season of Les Plouffes in spite of an increasingly hostile French press and his own previous decision to quit. He'll get more money but he'll have to get along without

Denise Pelletier (Cecile) and Jean-Louis

Roux (Ovide), who both say they won’t go back. Mile Pelletier, already signed for the European tour of the Théâtre dit

Nouveau Monde, waved Les Plouffes good-by w'ith: “I want to get out before the money means too much to me, too." Bruno Gerussi, probably Canada’s bestknown exponent of the torn-shirt school of acting, who says he’ll use the $1.500 Tyrone Guthrie award he won at the Stratford Festival last year to decamp for Milan, Italy, when the Festival ends this year. He’ll join the Teatro Piccolo, a small but prestige-laden company, to study classical stage techniques.

John Drainie, ready-for-anything actor (see Backstage) who’ll play the male lead opposite Vera Zorina in the March 19 CBC broadcast by the Toronto Mendelssohn Choir of Honegger’s “operatic oratorio,” Joan of Arc at the Stake. It's Canada's first English-language production of the modern classic and Drainie’s first opera: he doesn't sing a note.

JOB OUTLOOK The coming boom in better jobs

WITHIN MONTHS a long-run upsurge in jobs will begin to gather momentum, unless many Ottawa economists are guessing wrong. But whatever happens later this year, by 1986 there'll be twice as many people at w’ork in Canada as there are now. And across-the-board they’ll be holding down far better jobs.

This is the consensus of several Maclean’s interviews with Ottawa's topranking experts. These men expect the present bleak unemployment trend to be reversed by late spring, even though the actual timing of the upturn hinges on fresh demand in countries that buy Canadian exports. By July they’re looking for jobless rolls to be whittled to about three percent of the labor force, said to be rock bottom even for a boom.

These estimates are hooked onto the general business upturn that’s due to move into high gear at about mid-summer in these economists' forecasts (there’s a second viewpoint that expects a longer and more painful recovery period). They'll be helped along by a lower immigration total in '58 than '57, which means the work force won’t grow quite as rapidly.

Beyond this short-term outlook lies the greatest boom in good jobs in this country's history. Not only will the total number of jobs increase at an unprecedented clip, but openings in skilled trades and the professions will multiply even faster. Here's how Ottawa authorities expect jobs to expand, charted at ten-year intervals:

Canada’s work force

As the total labor force thrusts to these peaks automation and other new techniques will whittle away the number of unskilled jobs that have to be left to workers. Eventually, most experts agree, almost everyone will hold a job that calls for skill and training.

-PETER C. NEWMAN

ARCTIC PREVIEW Far north,s m¡n*ature Manhattan

A “SMALL-SCALE MANHATTAN”

on the rim of the Arctic Circle is taking shape in behind-the-scenes Ottawa planning sessions. Within five years, Northwest Territories Commissioner R. G. Robertson has told Maclean's, a $50million building blitz will throw up an interconnected grid of high-rising apartment-and-business towers to shelter 5,000 people at Frobisher Bay, N.W.T.

By then the prc-World War 11 Eskimo outpost will have outsprinted every other settlement north of the treeline, creating Canada’s first serious rival to the big (reportedly as many as 100,000 people) Siberian experiments in Arctic city-building.

This fast-approaching fame is largely an air-age accident of geography. Frobisher Bay is bitten out of the apparently inaccessible southern tip of Baffin Island, mid-point and logical re-fueling stop on the polar air route between North America’s west coast and the westerly air fields of Europe. Despite its icebound location Frobisher’s airstrip is shut down only 16 days a year

by bad weather, making it one of the most trouble-free strips in the world. Eventually it’s expected to handle 50U commercial through flights a month.

Incoming passengers will see a model city of multi-story apartment blocks linked by covered, heated passages— planners say conventional houses would expose too many surfaces to storms.

Most of the occupants will be airline employees, with a hopeful contingent of mining men following up thousands of claims already staked on Baffin Island iron, copper and nickel showings. They’ll all be one jump behind a Royal Bank manager who flew in not long ago to set up what the Royal describes as the closest bank branch to the North Pole in the world.

The sourdough bank went north in the manager’s suitcase— paper clips, rubber stamps and a strong box all included.