April 13 1957


April 13 1957


Another chain of radar stations three

hundred miles north of the Dewline is being planned in secrecy. The new airdefense network may become known as the Frost Line. It will probably have outposts on Banks, Victoria, Prince of Wales and Baffin Islands.

Canada’s beer drinkers will soon be

wooed on a scale undreamed of. Chicago’s Pabst Brewing Co. has quietly started testing the Canadian market for what insiders predict will become a full-scale invasion, and competition for the beer dollar will step up all along the line. Pabst’s move was made economical by a recent tariff reduction on Canadian beer imports.


Have they finally found the cure for arthritis?


Gawky teen-agers who don’t quite need

them will soon be wearing “starter bras.” It’s part of the industry’s drive to make children fashion-conscious.

A new pill for heart disease may come

out of the experiments at the University of Saskatchewan. In developing the use of niacin—part of the Vitamin B complex—for the treatment of schizophrenia, scientists unexpectedly discovered that mass doses of the pills bring down the cholesterol level in human blood.

Canadian racetracks are studying self-

service pari-mutuel machines. Bettors would buy semi-blank tickets, then insert them in slots and push buttons for the horses of their choice.

A major new Canadian TV series will be built around 36 half-hour television adaptations of Jack London stories. Shooting will be done in Toronto and the Rockies. Barry Morse is being tested for the lead in the $1.5-million production. U. S. capital will finance the series; CBS may handle distribution.


TIM Buck faces the most serious battle for survival in his 28-year-old career as Canada’s number-one Communist and the world’s most durable professional Red.

The policy-setting, 55-member Communist National Executive Council of Canada has already demanded his resignation. Buck cried, but stayed on. The party’s sixth national convention, being held in Toronto on April 19, will

The Suez Canal Company and other

European financial interests will start building a brand new $300 million town on La Prairie basin this spring. To be called Candiac, it will have an eventual population of 50.000.

The Department of Transport will be

split into two cabinet posts this summer. One minister will take charge of air and meteorological services, while the prewar departments of Railways & Canal and Marine will be revived.

New station wagons are being designed

especially for the summer-cottage set. They will have a retractable metal roof over the front seat.

Camel saddles will be sold as TV-view-

ing hassocks by Egyptian exporters in Canada this summer. The palm-wood saddles will sell for about $50.

Millions of Canadian tourists who have

tasted the 28 ice-cream flavors of Howard Johnson’s orange-roofed, white-andgreen eateries, may soon find the colorful restaurants on Canadian roadsides.

Better action color photographs will be

obtainable with a new film—three times faster than any now on the market— to be introduced this summer by Ansco.

Double - decker elevators are on the

drafting boards. Twin loading lobbies will be connected by an escalator. The elevators will stop so that two floors are simultaneously accessible.

U-drive boats may soon be available

at Canadian car-rental agencies. The full' rig—including the car, a trailer, a 17-ft. Fiberglas skiff, and an outboard motor—will cost about $110 a week.

decide his future. If the insurgents join up to unseat him, Buck will leave the meeting unemployed.

The Stalin revelations, the Hungarian bloodbath and Russia’s anti-Jewish campaign have split the party badly, but the basic issue of the convention will be the complete domination of the LPP which the Russian Communist Party has accomplished through Buck.

Buck has defended his record in a cross-country tour telling cell members that, like other party leaders, he has made mistakes, but that he should be forgiven and retained in his job.

Three main splinter groups will use the convention to try and install their candidates into the national LPP leadership:

J. B. Salsbcrg heads a large number of rebels, mainly the Party’s Jewish members, who denounce Russia’s antiSemitism and want to dissolve the LPP, replacing it with a new Canadian socialist party.

LEADING Canadian scientists believe that a Toronto doctor’s newly developed serum to help cure arthritis may rank with the 1921 Banting-Best discovery of insulin — one of the major milestones in medical history.

Dr. James Salter, an assistant professor of physiology at the Charles Best Institute, and Dr. Cal Ezrin, a leading Toronto clinician, have injected Glucagon, a product of the beef pancreas (also the source of insulin) into five arthritis patients at Toronto’s Sunnybrook Hospital. All have shown remarkable improvement.

Even if it’s considered too recent for discussion on the official agenda, the new find will certainly inspire the most exciting corridor talk among the more than 1,400 world physicians at the ninth International Congress on Rheumatic Diseases, being held in Toronto on June 23.

The new serum is still in the experimental stages, but doctors who have observed its effects predict that it will almost certainly supersede cortisone in arthritis treatment. Cortisone is limited

ONLY a few insiders are aware that the recent Vatican discussions between Quebec’s Paul-Emile Cardinal Leger and Poland’s Stefan Cardinal Wyszynski were mainly concerned with Canada’s weirdest piece of unfinished international business: the dispute over possession of Poland’s national art treasures—$5 million worth of priceless heirlooms— smuggled out of Poland in 1940.

As a result of the talks, the Canadian government may soon rid itself of a serious headache; official correspondence about the disputed art objects already fills 25 External Affairs files.

Most of the treasures are now stored under guard at Quebec City. Premier Duplessis insists that they will never go to a Communist government. But if the Polish Cardinal is able to persuade Cardinal Leger that the treasures should be returned to his recently liberalized country, Duplessis will not likely defy the Church’s wishes.

This would provide the perfect solution for the Quebec premier, as he would thus be bowing neither to Ot-

Harry Binder, formerly the party’s national treasurer, supported by Stewart Smith, who recently resigned from the LPP after 23 years as a paid functionary, is leading a movement that wants to form a separate but yet unnamed political party.

Norman Penner, former head of the LPP’s youth movement, is tied in with Edna Ryerson, Charles Sims, Sam Lipshitz and Steven Endicott in an effort to form a Canadian Marxist Party, organized on a “democratic basis.”

Party membership has dropped to below 4,000 from a peak 12,000 and several leading Canadian Communists have severed their links with the party. John Stewart, editor of the party-line Canadian Tribune, will announce his official resignation to the convention.

Despite these deflections, Buck has managed to retain a core of old supporters. His convention strategy will be to back down on any issue as long as it doesn’t endanger his leadership. He’ll

to providing temporary pain relief and has adverse side effects.

Dr. Salter and his associates are working on further applications of Glucagon for the relief of other inflammatory disorders. Dr. Charles Best, co-discoverer of insulin, has backed the research team with advice as well as his Institute’s every facility.

Glucagon was first thought to be a part of insulin and was named before it was isolated.

Scientists of the Best Institute regarded the substance as a curiosity and carried out a series of exploratory experiments.

Dr. Salter started giving increasing doses to animals and found effects unobserved before. The similarities in the application of cortisone and Glucagon gave Salter the idea to try the new serum on arthritis patients.

Experiments and clinical observation continues, but the few scientists who have studied the startling effects of Glucagon see it as the major discovery in breaking down the painful purge of art h r i t IS.-M AX ROS EN FE LD .

tawa nor to Poland’s still-Communist government.

But the unique controversy will not end, even if the Quebec treasure is returned.

Anti-Communist Polish emigres hold three trunks filled with Poland's national art objects in the Bank of Montreal in Ottawa. Eight other trunk loads are believed to be in a church in Wilno, a Polish-Canadian community in eastern Ontario.

The Polish government has been trying to get the treasures back for a decade. Ottawa’s answer to the many Polish protests is always the same: it simply stored the treasures, it never had them in legal custody; it’s up to the Poles to take their case to the International Court at The Hague. This the Poles have never done.

Now the Polish art treasures are in the news again and nearly everyone concerned hopes a solution can be hammered out that will end one of the most complicated international tangles of the CENTURY.-ALAN PHILLIPS.

attempt to save the party’s faltering prestige by swinging the LPP behind CCF candidates in this year’s federal election. There’ll be almost no Communist candidates running in June.

The convention will be asked to approve a new party constitution which redefines the LPP in terms drastically milder than the “overthrow of the democratic government” theories of past constitutions. “The Labor Progressive Party,” the new constitution will read, “is a political party of the working class dedicated to the cause of socialism.”

Party bigwigs have already decided to carry out a re-registration of Canadian membership at the end of the convention. Presumably those who didn’t vote with the victor will be purged. Certainly, its sixth convention will be Canadian communism’s most decisive meeting since the party was first secretly organized on a hayloft in Guelph, Ont., during May 1921. jç

BUCK’S FUTURE Convention may fire Communist leader/Why LPP will back CCF in federal election

Will Canada at last return Polish art treasures?